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J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2013 Sep;14(3):204-11. doi: 10.1177/1470320312460897. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Circulating and local renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system express differently in atrial fibrillation patients with different types of mitral valvular disease.

Author information

1
Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, China.

Abstract

Mitral valvular disease is strongly related to atrial fibrillation (AF), but the different types of mitral valvular disease have a different prevalence of AF. In this study we explored the expressions of the circulating and local renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in order to determine the relationship between circulating and local RAAS expressions and its effects on AF in different types of mitral valvular disease patients. Our study group consisted of 24 mitral valvular disease patients scheduled for mitral valve replacement surgery. Peripheral blood samples and left atrial appendage tissue samples were obtained from all patients. Radioimmunoassay was performed to assess the expression levels of circulating and local renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone. In mitral valvular diseases, linear correlation analyses were done for local and circulating renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone; the p values were 0.979, 0.518 and 0.125, respectively. Expression levels of local angiotensin II, circulating angiotensin II and local aldosterone were significantly increased in the AF group compared with sinus rhythm; the p values were 0.023, 0.042 and 0.035, respectively. In mitral stenosis patients, AF was primarily associated with local angiotensin II (p=0.010), as well as being associated with circulating angiotensin II (p=0.038). In mitral regurgitation patients, AF was only significantly associated with local angiotensin II (p=0.038). Circulating and local RAAS expressions are associated with AF in mitral valvular disease patients. The levels of circulating and local RAAS expressions were different in AF patients with different types of mitral valvular diseases. The differentiation of circulating and local RAAS expression levels in AF patients between different types of mitral valvular disease can potentially improve the specific pharmacological interventions outcomes for these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; mitral valvular diseases; renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system

PMID:
23077077
DOI:
10.1177/1470320312460897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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