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Int J Cancer. 1990 Mar 15;45(3):462-7.

Lymphocytic infiltration and cytotoxicity under hypoxic conditions in the EMT6 mouse mammary tumor.

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Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit 48201.


Infiltration of lymphocytes, neutrophils and macrophages was evaluated in hypoxic and well-oxygenated areas of the EMT6 mouse mammary adenocarcinoma, by in vivo staining with the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342 followed by cell sorting on the basis of fluorescence intensity. Tumors were grouped by days post-injection (days 11-14, 15-17 and 20-27). As lymphocytes are the only host cell population in this tumor model to possess lytic activity against EMT6 tumor cells, the ability of sensitized T lymphocytes to lyse syngeneic EMT6 cells was examined under conditions of varying oxygen concentrations. Infiltrating lymphocytes were detected to the same extent in cell fractions from both areas in all tumors. In contrast, neutrophils were found in significantly higher percentages in the hypoxic population than in the well-oxygenated cell fraction of all but the largest tumors. Macrophages were present in significantly higher percentages in the well-oxygenated fraction than in the hypoxic fraction of day-11 to -14 tumors. Extreme radiobiological hypoxia (0% O2) resulted in a significant decrease in T-cell-mediated lysis of EMT6 tumor cells, compared to lysis in room air (20% O2), but lysis was not impaired under conditions of mild radiobiological hypoxia (1% O2). Our study indicates that host-cell infiltration into areas of differing oxygenation may be quantitated via in situ Hoechst staining followed by cell sorting; in the EMT6 tumor, lymphocytes appear to infiltrate hypoxic areas to the same extent as well-oxygenated areas, and T-lymphocyte killing of syngeneic tumor cells is significantly reduced, although still present, under these hypoxic conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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