Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Signal Behav. 2012 Dec;7(12):1541-3. doi: 10.4161/psb.22304. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Recycling of Arabidopsis plasma membrane PEN1 syntaxin.

Author information

Developmental Genetics, Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.


Penetration resistance against powdery mildews is one of the best-studied processes of plant innate immunity. One vital component is the plant syntaxin, PEN1, which is required for timely deposition of callose and extracellular membrane material, as well as PEN1 itself, at the attack sites. Recently, we reported that the ARF-GEF GNOM also is required for penetration resistance, mediating transport of recycled material, including PEN1, to the site of attack. The close relative of PEN1, SYP122, does not accumulate at the sites of attack nor does it affect penetration resistance. In support of this, we show here that in contrast to PEN1, SYP122 does not continuously recycle. Furthermore, by using a PEN1 transgene that is only transcribed in dividing cells, we show that papillary PEN1 accumulation is not dependent on de-novo protein synthesis. This emphasizes the involvement of recycling in penetration resistance, which possibly relates to the differences in function of the two syntaxins.


defense; fungal penetration; pathogen; syntaxin; vesicle transport

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center