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Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol. 2012;4(3):128-39. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Disruption of Npr1 gene differentially regulates the juxtaglomerular and distal tubular renin levels in null mutant mice.

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Department of Physiology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) exerts an inhibitory effect on juxtaglomerular (JG) renin synthesis and release by activating guanylyl cyclase/ natriuretic peptide receptor-A (GC-A/NPRA). Renin has also been localized in connecting tubule cells; however, the effect of ANP/NPRA signaling on tubular renin has not been determined. In the present study, we determined the role of NPRA in regulating both JG and tubular renin using Npr1 (coding for NPRA) gene-disrupted mice, which exhibit a hypertensive phenotype. Renin-positive immunoreactivity in Npr1(-/-) homozygous null mutant mice was significantly reduced compared with Npr1(+/+) wild-type mice (23% vs 69% renin-positive glomeruli). However, after chronic diuretic treatment, Npr1(-/-) mice showed an increment of JG renin immunoreactivity compared with Npr1(+/+) mice (70% vs 81% renin-positive glomeruli). There were no significant differences in the distal tubule renin between Npr1(+/+) and Npr1(-/-) mice. However, after diuretic treatment, Npr1(-/-) mice showed a significant decrease in renin immunoreactivity in principal cells of cortical collecting ducts (p<0.05). The increased JG renin immunoreactivity after reduction in blood pressure in diuretic-treated Npr1(-/-) mice, demonstrates an inhibitory action of ANP/NPRA system on JG renin; however, a decreased expression of distal tubular renin suggests a differential effect of ANP/NPRA signaling on JG and distal tubular renin.


Distal tubular and juxtaglomerular renin; atrial natriuretic peptide receptor-A; gene-disrupted mice; hypertension; immunohistochemistry

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