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Mult Scler. 2013 Apr;19(5):543-52. doi: 10.1177/1352458512460603. Epub 2012 Oct 15.

Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of β-amyloid metabolism in multiple sclerosis.

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Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden.



Amyloid precursor protein (APP) and amyloid β (Aβ) peptides are intensely studied in neuroscience and their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measurements may be used to track the metabolic pathways of APP in vivo. Reduced CSF levels of Aβ and soluble APP (sAPP) fragments are reported in inflammatory diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS); but in MS, the precise pathway of APP metabolism and whether it can be affected by disease-modifying treatments remains unclear.


To characterize the CSF biomarkers of APP degradation in MS, including the effects of disease-modifying therapy.


CSF samples from 87 MS patients (54 relapsing-remitting (RR) MS; 33 secondary progressive (SP) MS and 28 controls were analyzed for sAPP and Aβ peptides by immunoassays, plus a subset of samples was analyzed by immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry (IP-MS). Patients treated with natalizumab or mitoxantrone were examined at baseline, and after 1-2 years of treatment.


CSF sAPP and Aβ peptide levels were reduced in MS patients; but they increased again towards normal, after natalizumab treatment. A multivariate model of IP-MS-measured Aβ species separated the SPMS patients from controls, with RRMS patients having intermediate levels.


We confirmed and extended our previous observations of altered CSF sAPP and Aβ peptide levels in MS patients. We found that natalizumab therapy may be able to counteract the altered APP metabolism in MS. The CSF Aβ isoform distribution was found to be distinct in SPMS patients, as compared to the controls.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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