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J Rehabil Med. 2012 Nov;44(11):950-4. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1055.

Self-Perceived non-motor aspects of cervical dystonia and their association with disability.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Lena.Zetterberg@neuro.uu.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the multivariate association between a model of self-perceived non-motor aspects and disability in cervical dystonia.

DESIGN:

A prospective and correlational design with two points of assessment.

SUBJECTS:

All 273 members with cervical dystonia from the Swedish Dystonia Patient Association were invited to participate.

METHODS:

Data were collected with one self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent by post on two separate occasions. Disability was the primary outcome variable measured by the Functional Disability Questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The questionnaire was completed by 180 individuals (66%) on both occasions. The multivariate association between the non-motor model and disability was statistically significant (adjusted R2 0.46, F(7, 149) = 19.76, p = 0.001). This indicated that 46% of the variance in disability was explained by the non-motor model. Self-efficacy appeared to be the most salient predictor of disability.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study highlight the need for increasing awareness of self-perceived non-motor aspects among care providers treating patients with cervical dystonia. This presents opportunities for new rehabilitation possibilities that apply a behavioural medicine perspective.

PMID:
23069793
DOI:
10.2340/16501977-1055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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