Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Bioinformatics. 2012 Oct 15;13:266. doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-13-266.

Tissue-based Alzheimer gene expression markers-comparison of multiple machine learning approaches and investigation of redundancy in small biomarker sets.

Author information

1
Institute of Computer Science, University of Osnabr¨ uck, Albrechtstr. 28, 49076 Osnabrück, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Alzheimer's disease has been known for more than 100 years and the underlying molecular mechanisms are not yet completely understood. The identification of genes involved in the processes in Alzheimer affected brain is an important step towards such an understanding. Genes differentially expressed in diseased and healthy brains are promising candidates.

RESULTS:

Based on microarray data we identify potential biomarkers as well as biomarker combinations using three feature selection methods: information gain, mean decrease accuracy of random forest and a wrapper of genetic algorithm and support vector machine (GA/SVM). Information gain and random forest are two commonly used methods. We compare their output to the results obtained from GA/SVM. GA/SVM is rarely used for the analysis of microarray data, but it is able to identify genes capable of classifying tissues into different classes at least as well as the two reference methods.

CONCLUSION:

Compared to the other methods, GA/SVM has the advantage of finding small, less redundant sets of genes that, in combination, show superior classification characteristics. The biological significance of the genes and gene pairs is discussed.

PMID:
23066814
PMCID:
PMC3574043
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2105-13-266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center