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World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Oct 7;18(37):5315-6. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i37.5315.

Vague relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome in nonobese people.

Abstract

Fatty liver, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, is closely associated with metabolic syndrome (MS). Thus, the presence of fatty liver without MS in some conditions may be clinically important. Many studies have shown that compared with no or occasional alcohol intake, moderate alcohol consumption is associated with lower prevalence rates of hypertension and type 2 diabetes, and lower levels of circulating C-reactive protein, a valuable marker for MS and insulin resistance. Considering these findings, light to moderate alcohol consumption has theoretical benefits on fatty liver and MS. Fatty liver, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may be more clinically important than MS, particularly in non-obese individuals, because fatty liver can develop before MS in several conditions, such as regular alcohol consumers. Furthermore, most of the currently used MS criteria are unable to detect "true MS" because of variations in multiple factors such as age, height, medications, and complications.

KEYWORDS:

Adult treatment panel III; Alcohol consumption; Metabolic syndrome; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

PMID:
23066331
PMCID:
PMC3468869
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v18.i37.5315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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