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Endocr J. 2013;60(2):167-72. Epub 2012 Oct 13.

Efficacy of a combined alendronate and calcitriol agent (Maxmarvil®) in Korean postmenopausal women with early breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitor: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Research Institute, and Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 120-752, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

The use of aromatase inhibitor (AI) in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive early breast cancer (EBC) produces a deleterious effect on bone mass and an increase in fractures. Several studies using intravenous bisphosphonates have shown effective management of AI-induced bone loss. To determine whether a lower dosage in oral form combined with calcitriol can effectively manage AI-induced bone loss, we performed a randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled 24-week trial with a combination of alendronate and 0.5-µg of calcitriol daily to HR-positive EBC patients. A total of 98 Korean postmenopausal women with HR-positive EBC who received daily AI, calcium and vitamin D were randomly assigned to 5-mg of alendronate and 0.5-µg of calcitriol (Maxmarvil®) or placebo groups. The bone mineral density (BMD) and turnover markers were measured. At week 24, the difference in lumbar BMD between the groups was 3.0% (p < 0.005). The increase in C-telopeptide after 24 weeks was significantly less in the Maxmarvil group compared to that in the placebo group (35.2 ± 17.5% vs. 109.8 ± 28.6%, p < 0.05). Our study demonstrates that a combination of 5-mg alendronate and 0.5-µg calcitriol is effective to prevent bone loss due to AI in Korean postmenopausal women with EBC.

PMID:
23064476
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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