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Circ J. 2013;77(2):359-62. Epub 2012 Oct 13.

Early experiences of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in Japan.

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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.



Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a new alternative treatment with acceptable early results for patients with aortic valve stenosis considered to be inoperable. The first TAVR was performed in Japan in October 2009, and a total of 51 have been performed up to February 2012.


Because it is not possible to disclose details for 36 patients at the time of writing due to ongoing clinical trials, the early and mid-term results of 15 patients are presented for the Edwards SAPIEN valves. Age was 83.4 ± 6.1 years. Mean pressure gradient and aortic valve area were 60.3 ± 21.1 mmHg and 0.64 ± 0.19 cm(2), respectively. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 55.5 ± 15.4%. The Logistic EuroSCORE, EuroSCORE II, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score were 28.5 ± 21.5%, 11.1 ± 15.8%, and 10.0 ± 7.4%, respectively. All of the procedures were successful and did not require conversion to surgery. Perioperative stroke did not occur, although pacemakers were implanted in 2 patients (13.3%). At discharge, mean pressure gradient and aortic valve area were improved to 10.8 ± 4.4 mmHg and 1.77 ± 0.36 cm(2), respectively. Except for 1 patient who died of cancer 7 months after operation, all patients were alive at the time of writing (11-848 days after procedure; mean follow-up period, 184 days).


Satisfactory early and mid-term results have been achieved with TAVR, indicating that this is a good alternative to treat aortic valve stenosis.

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