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Occup Med (Lond). 2012 Dec;62(8):661-4. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqs162. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Alcohol use among firefighters in the Central United States.

Author information

1
Center for Fire, Rescue & EMS Health Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Leawood, KS 66224, USA. keithhaddock@hopehri.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although the US National Fire Service is concerned about alcohol use among firefighters, little research has been conducted on the topic.

AIMS:

To survey alcohol use patterns among career and volunteer firefighters.

METHODS:

Data were from a population-based cohort study of male firefighters conducted in randomly selected career and volunteer departments. Data were collected from 2008 to 2010.

RESULTS:

There were 656 participants from 11 career and volunteer 13 departments included in the study with a response rate of 97%. Career firefighters drank approximately 10 days per month (just about half of their off duty days) and drank relatively heavily on those days. Fifty-eight per cent of career and 40% of volunteer firefighters averaged three or more drinks and similar percentages reported binge drinking on the days they consumed alcohol. In general, firefighters who drank but did not binge drink tended to have the best health outcomes, while those who binge drank typically were at highest risk of negative health outcomes. Nine per cent of career and 10% of volunteer firefighters who drank self-reported driving while intoxicated in the previous 30 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

Given the high rates of heavy and binge drinking, local and nationally coordinated efforts to increase the surveillance of drinking behaviour among firefighters and the development of targeted prevention interventions are critically needed.

PMID:
23064207
DOI:
10.1093/occmed/kqs162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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