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Curr Opin Virol. 2012 Dec;2(6):748-54. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2012.09.009. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Evasion of oncogene-induced senescence by gammaherpesviruses.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, 5850 College Street, PO Box 15000, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4R2.

Abstract

A common feature of herpesvirus infection is activation of DNA damage responses (DDRs) that are essential for efficient lytic replication. Latent infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) also elicit DDRs via the action of latent viral oncoproteins that deregulate cell proliferation and initiate a host anti-proliferative defense known as oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). These viruses encode auxiliary latent proteins that undermine OIS to allow the ongoing proliferation of infected cells despite robust DDR signaling. Persistent DDRs have also been linked to the aberrant secretion of pathogenetically important inflammatory mediators from infected cells. The accumulating evidence indicates that herpesviruses have evolved ways to co-opt DDR signaling to manage both latent and lytic phases of infection, and that DDR subversion may contribute to herpesvirus-associated disease states.

PMID:
23064053
DOI:
10.1016/j.coviro.2012.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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