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Metabolism. 2013 Mar;62(3):347-51. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2012.09.004. Epub 2012 Oct 11.

A dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin, exerts anti-inflammatory effects in type 2 diabetic patients.

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Division of Diabetic Research, Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization, Kyoto Medical Center, 1-1 Mukaihata-cho, Fukakusa, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8555, Japan.



Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) exerts beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. Here, we examined the effect of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, on systemic inflammation and pro-inflammatory (M1)/anti-inflammatory (M2)-like phenotypes of peripheral blood monocytes in diabetic patients.


Forty-eight type 2 diabetic patients were divided into the following two groups: sitagliptin-treatment (50mg daily for 3months) (n=24) and untreated control (n=24) groups. Measurements were undertaken to assess changes in glucose-lipid metabolism, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines such as serum amyloid A-LDL (SAA-LDL), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Furthermore, the effects of sitagliptin treatment on M1/M2-like phenotypes in peripheral blood monocytes were examined.


Treatment with sitagliptin significantly decreased fasting plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), serum levels of inflammatory markers, such as SAA-LDL, CRP, and TNF-α. In contrast, sitagliptin increased serum IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, as well as plasma GLP-1. In addition, sitagliptin increased monocyte IL-10 expression and decreased monocyte TNF-α expression. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the sitagliptin treatment was the only factor independently associated with an increase in monocyte IL-10 (β=0.499; R(2)=0.293, P<0.05). However, other factors including the improvement of glucose metabolism were not associated with the increase.


This study is the first to show that a DPP-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin, reduces inflammatory cytokines and improves the unfavorable M1/M2-like phenotypes of peripheral blood monocytes in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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