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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2012 Oct;23 Suppl 6:39-49. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2012.02551.x.

Systematic review of the survival rate and the biological, technical, and aesthetic complications of fixed dental prostheses with cantilevers on implants reported in longitudinal studies with a mean of 5 years follow-up.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Medicina, School of Dentistry, Prosthodontics, Universit√† degli Studi di Milano, Chirurgia, Odontoiatria, AO San Paolo, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A systematic review was carried out to evaluate the success and survival rate of implants supporting cantilever prosthesis, as well as the incidence of technical and biological complications.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A MEDLINE search was conducted up to December 2011 for studies with a mean follow-up of 5 years or more. Two independent reviewers screened the retrieved articles and extracted the data independently. Data on survival, failure, mechanical/technical and biological complications were analyzed.

RESULTS:

One-hundred and sixty articles were selected as abstract. Only 18 underwent a full-text analysis and only six were included in the study. The estimated cumulative survival rate of implants supporting cantilevered prosthesis was 98.9% (95% CI: 97.4-99.5%), whereas ICFDP survival was estimated to be about 97.1% (95% CI: 90.1-99.2%). Implant failures before prosthetic delivery were not considered. Biological complications were estimated to be 5.7% (95% CI: 4.2-7.6%) at implant level after 5 years. Technical complications were analyzed: the most common complications were veneer fractures (5-year estimate: 10.1%; 95% CI: 3.7-16.5%) and abutment screw fractures (5-year estimate: 1.6%; 95% CI: 0.8-3.5%). Decementation and screw loosening were estimated to be at 5 years 5.9% (95% CI: 1.7-16.8%) and 7.9% (95% CI: 3.2-18.2%), respectively. Implant fracture was rare (5-year estimate: 0.7%; 95% CI: 0.1-4.7%); no framework fracture was reported. Radiographic bone level changes did not yield statistically significant differences. No aesthetic outcome was reported.

CONCLUSIONS:

ICFDPS can be considered a reliable treatment: the systematic review assessed that there is no increase in complication rate due to the presence of the cantilever.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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