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Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2012 Oct;70(10):817-22.

What should you know about limbic encephalitis?

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1
Neurology Department, Hospital Professor Doutor Fernando Fonseca, Amadora, Portugal. s.jose.11@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Autoimmune encephalitis is an inflammatory disorder characterized by a subacute impairment of short-term memory, psychiatric features and seizures. It is often associated with a variety of other neurological symptoms, and its differential diagnosis is wide, leading to challenges in its recognition. It used to be regarded as a rare disease, usually paraneoplastic and with poor prognosis. However, with the recent recognition of membrane-surface directed antibodies, it is now known that in a substantial proportion of cases there is no association with any malignancy and there is a good prognosis if treated. Hence, early recognition and prompt initiation of immunotherapies are of great importance.

PMID:
23060110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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