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Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013 Mar;66(3):592-602. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.026. Epub 2012 Oct 8.

Y chromosome phylogeny for cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii) subspecies is generally concordant with those of other markers.

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School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4236, United States.


Sequence divergence was evaluated in the non-recombining, male-specific OmyY1 region of the Y chromosome among the subspecies of cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii) in the western United States. This evaluation identified subspecies-discriminating OmyY1-haplotypes within a ∼1200bp region of the OmyY1 locus and localized the region to the end of the Y chromosome by FISH analysis. OmyY1 sequences were aligned and used to reconstruct a phylogeny of the cutthroat trout subspecies and related species via maximum-parsimony and Bayesian analyses. In the Y-haplotype phylogeny, clade distributions generally corresponded to the geographic distributions of the recognized subspecies. This phylogeny generally corresponded to a mitochondrial tree obtained for these subspecies in a previous study. Both support a clade of trout vs. Pacific salmon, of rainbow trout, and of a Yellowstone cutthroat group within the cutthroat trout. In our OmyY1 tree, however, the cutthroat "clade", although present topologically, was not statistically significant. Some key differences were found between trees obtained from the paternally-inherited OmyY1 vs. maternally-inherited mitochondrial haplotypes in cutthroat trout compared to rainbow trout. Other findings are: The trout OmyY1 region evolves between 3 and 13 times slower than the trout mitochondrial regions that have been studied. The Lahontan cutthroat trout had a fixed OmyY1 sequence throughout ten separate populations, suggesting this subspecies underwent a severe population bottleneck prior to its current dispersal throughout the Great Basin during the pluvial phase of the last ice age. The Yellowstone group is the most derived among the cutthroat trout and consists of the Yellowstone, Bonneville, Colorado, Rio Grande and greenback subspecies. Identification of subspecies and sex with this Y-chromosome marker may prove useful in conservation efforts.

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