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Clin Rehabil. 2013 May;27(5):398-408. doi: 10.1177/0269215512462227. Epub 2012 Oct 11.

Communication and Low Mood (CALM): a randomized controlled trial of behavioural therapy for stroke patients with aphasia.

Author information

1
University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG8 1BB, UK. Shirley.thomas@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim was to evaluate behavioural therapy as a treatment for low mood in people with aphasia.

DESIGN:

A randomized controlled trial comparing behavioural therapy plus usual care with a usual care control. Potential participants with aphasia after stroke were screened for the presence of low mood. Those who met the criteria and gave consent were randomly allocated.

SETTING:

Participants were recruited from hospital wards, community rehabilitation, speech and language therapy services and stroke groups.

SUBJECTS:

Of 511 people with aphasia identified, 105 had low mood and were recruited.

INTERVENTIONS:

Behavioural therapy was offered for up to three months. Outcomes were assessed three and six months after random allocation.

MAIN MEASURES:

Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire, Visual Analog Mood Scales 'sad' item, and Visual Analogue Self-Esteem Scale.

RESULTS:

Participants were aged 29 to 94 years (mean 67.0, SD 13.5) and 66 (63%) were men. Regression analysis showed that at three months, when baseline values and communication impairment were controlled for, group allocation was a significant predictor of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (P < 0.05), visual analogue 'sad' (P = 0.03), and Visual Analogue Self-Esteem Scale (P < 0.01). At six months, group alone was a significant predictor of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (P < 0.05), and remained significant when baseline values were controlled for (P = 0.02). Mean Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire 10-item hospital version scores decreased from baseline to six months by six points in the intervention group as compared with an increase of 1.9 points in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Behavioural therapy seemed to improve the mood of people with aphasia.

PMID:
23059701
PMCID:
PMC3652643
DOI:
10.1177/0269215512462227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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