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J Affect Disord. 2013 Apr 25;146(3):319-27. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.09.014. Epub 2012 Oct 8.

Psychosocial work factors, major depressive and generalised anxiety disorders: results from the French national SIP study.

Author information

1
INSERM, U1018, CESP Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Epidemiology of Occupational and Social Determinants of Health Team, Villejuif, France. murcia.evrest@yahoo.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anxiety and depression are prevalent mental disorders in working populations. The risk factors of these disorders are not completely well known. Developing knowledge on occupational risk factors for mental disorders appears crucial. This study investigates the association between various classical and emergent psychosocial work factors and major depressive and generalised anxiety disorders in the French working population.

METHODS:

The study was based on a national random sample of 3765 men and 3944 women of the French working population (SIP 2006 survey). Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) were measured using a standardised diagnostic interview (MINI). Occupational factors included psychosocial work factors as well as biomechanical, physical, and chemical exposures. Adjustment variables included age, occupation, marital status, social support, and life events. Multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Low decision latitude, overcommitment, and emotional demands were found to be risk factors for both MDD-GAD among both genders. Other risk factors were observed: high psychological demands, low reward, ethical conflict, and job insecurity, but differences were found according to gender and outcome. Significant interaction terms were observed suggesting that low decision latitude, high psychological demands, and job insecurity had stronger effects on mental disorders for men than for women.

LIMITATIONS:

Given the cross-sectional study design, no causal conclusion could be drawn.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study showed significant associations between classical and emergent psychosocial work factors and MDD-GAD. Preventive actions targeting various psychosocial work factors, including emergent factors, may help to reduce mental disorders at the workplace.

PMID:
23057970
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2012.09.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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