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PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e46885. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046885. Epub 2012 Oct 3.

The JNK- and AKT/GSK3β- signaling pathways converge to regulate Puma induction and neuronal apoptosis induced by trophic factor deprivation.

Author information

1
Robarts Research Institute and Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The AKT, GSK3 and JNK family kinases have been implicated in neuronal apoptosis associated with neuronal development and several neurodegenerative conditions. However, the mechanisms by which these kinase pathways regulate apoptosis remain unclear. In this study we have investigated the role of these kinases in neuronal cell death using an established model of trophic factor deprivation induced apoptosis in cerebellar granule neurons. BCL-2 family proteins are known to be central regulators of apoptosis and we have determined that the pro-apoptotic family member Puma is transcriptionally up-regulated in trophic factor deprived neurons and that Puma induction is required for apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, we demonstrate that Puma induction is dependent on both JNK activation and AKT inactivation. AKT is known to regulate a number of downstream pathways, however we have determined that PI3K-AKT inactivation induces Puma expression through a GSK3β-dependent mechanism. Finally we demonstrate that the JNK and AKT/GSK3β pathways converge to regulate FoxO3a-mediated transcriptional activation of Puma. In summary we have identified a novel and critical link between the AKT, GSK3β and JNK kinases and the regulation of Puma induction and suggest that this may be pivotal to the regulation of neuronal apoptosis in neurodegenerative conditions.

PMID:
23056511
PMCID:
PMC3463558
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0046885
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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