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Vet Microbiol. 1990 Jan;21(3):255-62.

Evaluation of an ELISA for the diagnosis of experimentally induced and naturally occurring Leptospira hardjo infections in cattle.

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Central Veterinary Institute, Immunology Department, Lelystad, The Netherlands.


An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of Leptospira interrogans serovar hardjo (hardjo) infection in cattle was compared with the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Glutardialdehyde was used in the ELISA to couple sonicated hardjo antigen to the microtiter plate. Mouse monoclonal anti-bovine IgG1 coupled to peroxidase was used as conjugate. Sera from calves experimentally inoculated with hardjo reacted positively in the MAT as early as 10 days after inoculation; these sera did not react positively in the ELISA until 25 days after the first inoculation. Positive and negative field sera from 704 adult cattle on 90 farms were examined by the MAT and the ELISA; a 90% correlation between the two tests was demonstrated. Eighty-six sera from calves inoculated with four Leptospira serogroups other than hardjo and 227 field sera from adult cattle with naturally occurring leptospirosis other than hardjo were examined by the ELISA. Fewer than 1% of these heterologous sera reacted with hardjo antigen in the ELISA. We concluded that the ELISA described in this report is an advantageous alternative to the MAT for diagnosing leptospirosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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