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Prenat Diagn. 2012 Dec;32(12):1181-5. doi: 10.1002/pd.3982. Epub 2012 Oct 11.

Arabin cervical pessary to prevent preterm birth in severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome treated by laser surgery.

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Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.



To describe the outcome of patients with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and cervical length ≤ 25 mm, treated with laser and an Arabin cervical pessary.


Retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of all cases with severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome who underwent laser surgery: a group with cervical length above 25 mm (group A) and two groups who had a cervical length of 25 mm or less prior to the procedure. The first 8 cases (group B) were managed expectantly and the next 8 cases had a cervical pessary inserted immediately after laser surgery (group C). Gestational age at birth was the primary outcome. The secondary outcome was a composite one encompassing severe neonatal morbidity.


The median gestational age at laser surgery was 20 weeks in all groups but the median gestational age at delivery was significantly higher in group C versus B (28 vs 32 weeks, p = 0.01). Severe neonatal morbidity was present in 18% in group C and 70% in group B (p < 0.01).


Early results suggest a potential role for pessary use in prolonging gestation in cases with shortened cervix at the time of laser. A randomized trial to test this hypothesis should be performed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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