Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Behav Med. 2013 Apr;45(2):153-62. doi: 10.1007/s12160-012-9420-3.

Co-occurring psychosocial problems and HIV risk among women attending drinking venues in a South African township: a syndemic approach.

Author information

1
Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut, 2006 Hillside Rd, Unit 1248, Storrs, CT 06269-1020, USA. eileen.v.pitpitan@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In South Africa, women comprise the majority of HIV infections. Syndemics, or co-occurring epidemics and risk factors, have been applied in understanding HIV risk among marginalized groups.

PURPOSE:

The purposes of this study are to apply the syndemic framework to examine psychosocial problems that co-occur among women attending drinking venues in South Africa and to test how the co-occurrence of these problems may exacerbate risk for HIV infection.

METHOD:

Five hundred sixty women from a Cape Town township provided data on multiple psychosocial problems, including food insufficiency, depression, abuse experiences, problem drinking, and sexual behaviors.

RESULTS:

Bivariate associations among the syndemic factors showed a high degree of co-occurrence and regression analyses showed an additive effect of psychosocial problems on HIV risk behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate the utility of a syndemic framework to understand co-occurring psychosocial problems among women in South Africa. HIV prevention interventions should consider the compounding effects of psychosocial problems among women.

PMID:
23054944
PMCID:
PMC3578969
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-012-9420-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center