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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Mar;471(3):1008-13. doi: 10.1007/s11999-012-2630-y. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Short-keeled cemented tibial components show an increased risk for aseptic loosening.

Author information

1
Department of Joint Replacement Surgery, ARCUS Kliniken Pforzheim, Pforzheim, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The choice of implant design plays an important role for primary fixation of a TKA. Short-keeled tibial components allow implantation through a smaller approach with less femorotibial subluxation.

QUESTIONS/PURPOSES:

The purpose of this study was to detect early implant failure resulting from aseptic loosening after cemented short-keeled and standard tibial baseplate implantation.

METHODS:

Between 2008 and 2010, a group of 160 consecutive patients (with 80 standard and with 80 short-keeled tibial trays) received cemented TKAs. At 1-year followup, patients were examined clinically and radiographs were analyzed regarding aspects of radiolucency. The components were divided into five zones on each radiographic view and the measurements of the 10 zones were added.

RESULTS:

The mean sum of radiolucencies was increased significantly with the short-keeled baseplates. In the current study, short-keeled tibial trays revealed a revision rate of 6.3% after 1-year followup. In contrast, none of the standard tibial baseplates were revised.

CONCLUSIONS:

The implantation of cemented, short-keeled tibial components is linked to an increased rate of early loosening. Therefore, the indication for cemented, short-keeled component implantation should be reviewed.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level III, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

PMID:
23054523
PMCID:
PMC3563801
DOI:
10.1007/s11999-012-2630-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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