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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 May;1831(5):896-904. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2012.10.001. Epub 2012 Oct 7.

White and brown adipose stem cells: from signaling to clinical implications.

Author information

1
Joint Research Division Molecular Metabolic Control, German Cancer Research Center, Center for Molecular Biology, University of Heidelberg, Network Aging Research, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Epidemiological studies estimate that by the year 2030, 2.16 billion people worldwide will be overweight and 1.12 billion will be obese [1]. Besides its now established function as an endocrine organ, adipose tissue plays a fundamental role as an energy storage compartment. As such, adipose tissue is capable of extensive expansion or retraction depending on the energy balance or disease state of the host, a plasticity that is unparalleled in other organs and - under conditions of excessive energy intake - significantly contributes to the afore mentioned obesity pandemic. Expansion of adipose tissue is driven by both hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes, which can renew frequently to compensate for cell death. This underlines the importance of adipocyte progenitor cells within the distinct adipose tissue depots to control both energy storage and endocrine functions of adipose tissue. Here we summarize recent findings on the identity and plasticity of adipose stem cells, the involved signaling cascades, and potential clinical implications of these cells for the treatment of metabolic dysfunction in obesity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Brown and White Fat: From Signaling to Disease.

PMID:
23051608
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2012.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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