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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2012 Oct;1271:37-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06750.x.

Obesity and cancer risk: evidence, mechanisms, and recommendations.

Author information

1
Department of Medical and Research Technology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. ivucenik@som.umaryland.edu

Abstract

Obesity, a growing health problem worldwide, has been associated with the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and other chronic diseases. Recently, the obesity-cancer link has received much attention. Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity is also associated with increased risk of several cancer types, including colon, breast, endometrium, liver, kidney, esophagus, gastric, pancreatic, gallbladder, and leukemia, and can also lead to poorer treatment and increased cancer-related mortality. Biological mechanisms underlying the relationship between obesity and cancer are not well understood. They include modulation of energy balance and calorie restriction, growth factors, multiple signaling pathways, and inflammatory processes. Key among the signaling pathways linking obesity and cancer is the PI3K/Akt/mTOR cascade, which is a target of many of the obesity-associated factors and regulates cell proliferation and survival. Understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the obesity-cancer connection is important in developing potential therapeutics. The link between obesity and cancer underscores the recommendation to maintain a healthy body weight throughout life as one of the most important ways to protect against cancer.

PMID:
23050962
PMCID:
PMC3476838
DOI:
10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06750.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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