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Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990 Mar;85(3):378-86; discussion 387-9.

Comparative study of survival of autologous adipose tissue taken and transplanted by different techniques.

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Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor.


In recent years, adipocytes obtained by suction-assisted lipectomy have been used for implantation by injection methods. This study is designed to assess the appearance of suctioned and excised adipose tissue and its survival after being injected or implanted into different tissues (0.5 cc into the rectus muscle and 0.5 cc into the dorsal ear skin) of New Zealand White rabbits. The results showed that significant numbers of adipocytes were ruptured after suction procedures. The intact cells represented approximately 10 percent of the fat cell population. Fat cells in aspirated and excised samples remained intact and did not differ histologically. After being injected into tissue, adipocytes appeared to survive better for a short term in a more vascularized bed (rectus muscle) than in a low vascular area (ear dermis). Long-term studies at 6- to 9-month intervals revealed transplanted adipose tissue, taken by suction or excision, being replaced with fibrosis, although cystic spaces and only a small number of surviving adipocytes were still present. Insulin did not show any protective effects on survival of the adipocytes during their transplantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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