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Pediatr Res. 1979 Dec;13(12):1319-22.

Influence of aminophylline and cyclic AMP on glycogen metabolism in fetal rat lung in organ culture.


The glycogen content of fetal rat lung declines coincident with increased pulmonary phospholipid synthesis. Aminophylline, a methylxanthine cyclic adenosine 3',5' monophosphate (AMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and cyclic AMP augment fetal lung phospholipid synthesis. Because lung glycogen breakdown may contribute to pulmonary phospholipid synthesis, the effects of aminophylline and cyclic AMP on glycogen metabolism were studied in explants of 19 day fetal rat lung in organ culture. Treatment with aminophylline or dibutyryl cyclic AMP for 24 hr, resulted in a 25% (P less than 0.025) and 75% (P less than 0.001) decrease, respectively, in the glycogen content of the explants. Glycogen synthase I activity was reduced by 32% in aminophylline treated cultures (P less than 0.025) and 25% in cyclic AMP treated cultures (P less than 0.025). The percent of total synthase in the active form was significantly reduced in all treated cultures. Neither aminophylline nor cyclic AMP treatment resulted in significant changes in glycogen phosphorylase a or total phosphorylase activity.

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