Send to

Choose Destination
Enferm Clin. 2012 Sep-Oct;22(5):261-8. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2012.09.001. Epub 2012 Oct 6.

[Perception of work environment of nurses in hospitals of the Spanish national health system. RN4CAST-Spain project].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

Investigación en cuidados de salud, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.



To appraise the perception of Registered Nurses working at Spanish National Health System (SNHS) hospitals about work environment, quality of care and burnout.


Cross-sectional study addressed to 7539 nurses in 59 Spanish public hospitals over 150 beds belonging to the NHS between 2009 and 2010. Data was collected on: socio-demographic and academic background, job satisfaction, perception of work environment (PES-NWI) and burnout (MBI).


Among 7539 questionnaires, 5654 were collected (75%). The nurses' average age was 37,5 (SD=9,5) years old, 88% (4929) were female and they had a median of 12 years of experience. The patient/nurse ratio was 11/1. 26% of nurses (1468) showed their intention to leave the hospital. 55% of nurses (3080) showed moderate job satisfaction. The work environment was unfavorable for 48% (2729) of nurses. 22% (1091) showed high burnout levels.


The results show a high nurses' participation, who relate moderate job satisfaction. However, on PES-NWI, nearly half of nurses show an unfavorable work environment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center