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Trends Ecol Evol. 2013 Feb;28(2):100-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2012.08.021. Epub 2012 Oct 3.

Understanding and managing conservation conflicts.

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Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK.


Conservation conflicts are increasing and need to be managed to minimise negative impacts on biodiversity, human livelihoods, and human well-being. Here, we explore strategies and case studies that highlight the long-term, dynamic nature of conflicts and the challenges to their management. Conflict management requires parties to recognise problems as shared ones, and engage with clear goals, a transparent evidence base, and an awareness of trade-offs. We hypothesise that conservation outcomes will be less durable when conservationists assert their interests to the detriment of others. Effective conflict management and long-term conservation benefit will be enhanced by better integration of the underpinning social context with the material impacts and evaluation of the efficacy of alternative conflict management approaches.

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