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Emerg Med Australas. 2012 Oct;24(5):501-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2012.01598.x. Epub 2012 Sep 11.

Australian emergency clinicians' perceptions and use of the GIVE Clinical Trigger for identification of potential organ and tissue donors.

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Emergency Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital, Fitzroy, Vic. 3065, Australia.



In 2010 the Australian Organ and Tissue Authority introduced a nationally consistent indicator, the GIVE Clinical Trigger, for early identification of potential organ and tissue donors in EDs and intensive care units. This national survey of emergency clinicians aimed to assess emergency clinicians' perceptions and use of the Trigger.


National cross-sectional survey of Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) fellows and trainees and members of the College of Emergency Nursing Australia (CENA); online questionnaire; 12 items addressing implementation of the GIVE Trigger; graded and free-text responses.


Five hundred and ninety-nine (20.2%) of 2969 ACEM members and 212 (20.7%) of 1026 CENA members responded. Four hundred and seventy-four respondents (62.7%) were familiar with the Trigger; 472 (63.8%) agreed it was easy to recognise patients who activated the Trigger; 490 (64.9%) had sufficient time to use the Trigger; 511 (67.7%) felt they had the necessary competence and knowledge to identify a potential donor; 464 (61.5%) felt competent and 501 (66.4%) felt comfortable referring a potential donor when identified. Overall 587 (77.7%) ED clinicians supported the use of the Trigger, but most (587 [77.7%]) perceived barriers to its use; 628 (80%) had never activated the Trigger and 557 (71%) had never referred a potential donor to relevant authorities.


Most Australian emergency clinicians are familiar with and support the GIVE Clinical Trigger, and feel they have the necessary skills to use the Trigger; however, most perceive barriers to its use and have not yet used the Trigger.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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