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Opt Express. 2012 Jul 30;20(16):17591-9. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.017591.

Are scaling laws of sub-optical wavelength electric field confinement in arrays of metal nanoparticles related to plasmonics or to geometry?

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Université Européenne de Bretagne, Université de Brest, Lab-STICC, CS 93837, 6 avenue Le Gorgeu, 29238 Brest Cedex 3, France.


In this work, we describe finite element simulations of the plasmonic resonance (PLR) properties of a self-similar chain of plasmonic nanostructures. Using a broad range of conditions, we find strong numerical evidence that the electric field confinement behaves as (Ξ/λ)(PLR)[proporationality] EFE(-γ), where EFE is the electric field enhancement, Ξis the linear size of the focusing length, and λ is the wavelength of the resonant excitation. We find that the exponent γ is close to 1, i.e. significantly lower than the 1.5 found for two-dimensional nanodisks. This scaling law provides support for the hypothesis of a universal regime in which the sub-optical wavelength electric field confinement is controlled by the Euclidean dimensionality and is independent of nanoparticle size, metal nature, or embedding medium permittivity.


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