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Opt Express. 2012 Sep 10;20 Suppl 5:A560-71. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.00A560.

Combined front and back diffraction gratings for broad band light trapping in thin film solar cell.

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  • 1Université de Lyon, Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL) UMR 5270 CNRS-INSA-ECL-UCBL, France

Abstract

In this paper, we present the integration of combined front and back 1D and 2D diffraction gratings with different periods, within thin film photovoltaic solar cells based on crystalline silicon layers. The grating structures have been designed considering both the need for incident light absorption enhancement and the technological feasibility. Long wavelength absorption is increased thanks to the long period (750 nm) back grating, while the incident light reflection is reduced by using a short period (250 nm) front grating. The simulated short circuit current in a solar cell combining a front and a back grating structures with a 1.2 µm thick c-Si layer, together with the back electrode and TCO layers, is increased up to 30.3 mA/cm<sup>2</sup>, compared to 18.4 mA/cm<sup>2</sup> for a reference stack, as simulated using the AM1.5G solar spectrum intensity distribution from 300 nm to 1100 nm, and under normal incidence.

PMID:
23037523
[PubMed]
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