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J Immunol Methods. 1990 Jan 24;126(1):79-87.

Measurement of the humoral immune response against Streptococcus pneumoniae type 14-derived antigens by an ELISA and ELISPOT assay based on biotin-avidin technology.

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Utrecht University, Medical School, Eijkman-Winkler Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, The Netherlands.


A Streptococcus pneumoniae type 14-specific ELISA and ELISPOT assay have been developed based on the use of biotinylated type 14 capsular polysaccharide (S14PS-biotin). A major advantage of this application over other methods is the use of 10-100-fold less antigen than that reported in the literature for other similar assays. Moreover, the prepared biotinylated polysaccharides are very stable and it is possible to use the same procedures for other pneumococcal polysaccharide antigens (e.g., S6BPS) with no major changes necessary in the ELISA and ELISPOT protocols. Furthermore, a simple thin layer chromatography method has been developed as a method for quality control of the biotinylated polysaccharide. Immunization with the thymus-independent antigen S14PS resulted in the induction of IgM spot-forming cells (SFC) and antibodies while S14PS-protein conjugates induced a thymus-dependent response. The immune response to the conjugates was enhanced by the addition of the adjuvant Quil A resulting in high levels of both IgG SFC and antibodies at day 14 after immunization. The developed assays are reliable and reproducible tools for studying the humoral immune response against Streptococcus pneumoniae type 14 capsular polysaccharide derived antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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