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Opt Express. 2012 Aug 27;20(18):19690-6. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.019690.

Shifting of surface plasmon resonance due to electromagnetic coupling between graphene and Au nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 117576, Singapore.


Shifting of the surface plasmon resonance wavelength induced by the variation of the thickness of insulating spacer between single layer graphene and Au nanoparticles is studied. The system demonstrates a blue-shift of 29 nm as the thickness of the spacer layer increases from 0 to 15 nm. This is due to the electromagnetic coupling between the localized surface plasmons excited in the nanoparticles and the graphene film. The strength of the coupling decays exponentially with a decay length of d/R = 0.36, where d is the spacer layer thickness and R is the diameter of the Au nanoparticles. The result agrees qualitatively well with the plasmon ruler equation. Interestingly, a further increment of the spacer layer thickness induces a red-shift of 17 nm in the resonance wavelength and the shift saturates when the thickness of the spacer layer increases above 20 nm.

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