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Rev Iberoam Micol. 2013 Apr-Jun;30(2):81-7. doi: 10.1016/j.riam.2012.09.005. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Physiological and molecular characterization of Phytophthora infestans isolates from the Central Colombian Andean Region.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Micología y Fitopatología, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, DC, Colombia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating diseases found in potato and tomato crops worldwide. In Colombia it also attacks other important crops: cape gooseberry and tree tomato. The knowledge of the pathogen population is determinant to effectively design control strategies.

AIMS:

To determine the physiological and molecular characteristics of a set of Colombian P. infestans isolates.

METHODS:

Strains isolated from Cundinamarca and Boyacá were examined for the level of resistance to mefenoxam and cymoxanil. Virulence was tested for all strains and crosses between A1 mating type, from different hosts, and the Colombian A2 mating type were tested for the production and viability of oospores in different substrates. Additionally, the molecular diversity of the avirulence gene Avr3a, the β-tubulin gene, and two single copy genes showing RxLR motif, was assessed.

RESULTS:

We found all levels of mefenoxam sensitivity, with 48% of the strains resistant. A high diversity of races was detected and the population was genetically clonal. Colombian strains had the possibility of sexual reproduction.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results will help in optimizing the use of fungicides and deployment of resistance as control strategies and will contribute to broader studies on diversity of this pathogen.

PMID:
23036748
DOI:
10.1016/j.riam.2012.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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