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Anim Sci J. 2012 Oct;83(10):683-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2012.01009.x. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Assessment of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations in swamp buffalo samples from fetal and maternal origins by using interspecies antisera.

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  • 1Laboratory of Embryo Biotechnology-Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam. hanhcnp@yahoo.com

Abstract

Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) constitute a large family of glycoproteins found in the outer placental epithelial cell layer of the placenta in Eutherian species. In ruminants, they are noted to be structurally closely related among the different species. This study was designed to determine PAG concentrations in maternal and fetal plasma, allantoic and amniotic fluids in buffalo species. Antisera (AS) generated in rabbits against distinct PAG molecules were used in three radioimmunoassay (RIA)-PAG systems: RIA-1 (antiserum raised against bovine PAG67kDa; AS#497), RIA-2 (antiserum raised against caprine PAG55 + 62 kDa; AS#706) or RIA-3 (antiserum raised against buffalo PAG; AS#859). Samples were collected at a slaughterhouse (n = 67). PAG concentrations determined by RIA-2 gave significantly higher results in both allantoic and amniotic fluids (12.7 ± 2.1 ng/mL and 24.0 ± 7.3 ng/mL, respectively). Regarding maternal and fetal plasma, PAG concentrations obtained by RIA-2 (21.8 ± 2.4 ng/mL and 20.2 ± 2.5 ng/mL, respectively) and RIA-3 (25.0 ± 2.2 ng/mL and 21.9 ± 3.2 ng/mL, respectively) were higher than those obtained by RIA-1 (15.5 ± 1.4 ng/mL and 16.1 ± 1.8 ng/mL, respectively). The correlation among the three systems was very high. The study clearly reveals the ability of different PAG-RIA systems to measure PAG concentration in swamp buffalo samples.

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