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J Biol Chem. 1990 Mar 5;265(7):3996-4003.

Purification of unactivated progesterone receptor and identification of novel receptor-associated proteins.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.


Progesterone receptor complexes were purified from crude cytosol in a rapid, gentle, one-step procedure using anti-receptor monoclonal antibodies covalently attached to an agarose resin. Five nonreceptor proteins specifically co-purified with unactivated avian progesterone receptor; these proteins had molecular masses of approximately 90, 70, 54, 50, and 23 kDa. The 90- and 70-kDa proteins have been previously identified as the 90-kDa heat shock protein and a member of the 70-kDa heat shock protein family, respectively. The 54-, 50-, and 23-kDa proteins have not been previously described as associated with avian progesterone receptor. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed charge heterogeneities for all five proteins. Except for p70, each could be dissociated from receptor by salt, a process inhibited by sodium molybdate. However, molybdate was not required for protein association with receptor in low ionic strength. Following progesterone treatment in vivo p70 still co-purified with cytosolic receptor although the other affiliated proteins were reduced, suggesting hormone-dependent dissociation in conjunction with receptor activation. One of the proteins, p54, displayed in vitro hormone-dependent dissociation which was not prevented by molybdate.

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