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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012 Oct 3;12:172. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-172.

Quality of life, immunomodulation and safety of adjuvant mistletoe treatment in patients with gastric carcinoma - a randomized, controlled pilot study.

Author information

1
Division of Stomach surgery, Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) extracts are widely used in complementary cancer therapy. Aim of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of a standardized mistletoe extract (abnobaVISCUM(®) Quercus, aVQ) in patients with gastric cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

32 operated gastric cancer patients (stage Ib or II) who were waiting for oral chemotherapy with the 5-FU prodrug doxifluridine were randomized 1:1 to receive additional therapy with aVQ or no additional therapy. aVQ was injected subcutaneously three times per week from postoperative day 7 to week 24 in increasing doses. EORTC QLQ-C30 and -STO22 Quality of Life questionnaire, differential blood count, liver function tests, various cytokine levels (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-2), CD 16(+)/CD56(+) and CD 19(+) lymphocytes were analyzed at baseline and 8, 16 and 24 weeks later.

RESULTS:

Global health status (p <0.01), leukocyte- and eosinophil counts (p ≤0.01) increased significantly in the treatment group compared to the control group. Diarrhea was less frequently reported (7% vs. 50%, p=0.014) in the intervention group. There was no significant treatment effect on levels of TNF-alpha, IL-2, CD16(+)/CD56(+) and CD 19(+) lymphocytes and liver function tests measured by ANOVA.

CONCLUSION:

Additional treatment with aVQ is safe and was associated with improved QoL of gastric cancer patients. ClinicalTrials.Gov Registration number NCT01401075.

PMID:
23033982
PMCID:
PMC3488325
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6882-12-172
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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