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J Periodontal Res. 2013 Jun;48(3):315-21. doi: 10.1111/jre.12010. Epub 2012 Oct 3.

Melatonin levels in periodontal health and disease.

Author information

1
Department Preventive Dentistry, Periodontics Division, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to measure melatonin levels in the gingival crevicular fluid and saliva of subjects with healthy periodontal tissues, plaque-induced gingival inflammation, chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A total of 70 subjects were examined and assigned to four groups: healthy periodontium (10 subjects); plaque-induced gingival inflammation (20 subjects); chronic periodontitis (20 subjects); and aggressive periodontitis (20 subjects). Gingival crevicular fluid and saliva samples were collected from each subject and analyzed using ELISAs.

RESULTS:

The melatonin levels in both gingival crevicular fluid and saliva were lower in patients with chronic periodontitis (10.4 and 12.8 pg/mL, respectively) and aggressive periodontitis (8.4 and 8.8 pg/mL, respectively) than in patients with gingivitis (13.9 and 17.6 pg/mL, respectively) and in healthy subjects (16.6 and 22.9 pg/mL, respectively). The mean melatonin levels in both gingival crevicular fluid and saliva were statistically significantly higher in healthy patients compared with patients with chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis; however, there was no significant difference in the plaque-induced gingival inflammation between the study groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The melatonin levels in gingival crevicular fluid and saliva are decreased in diseased periodontal tissues, especially periodontitis. The melatonin level was lowest in the aggressive periodontitis group.

PMID:
23033974
DOI:
10.1111/jre.12010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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