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Percept Mot Skills. 2012 Aug;115(1):228-40.

Sex differences in electromechanical delay during a punch movement.

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Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior, Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, Rio Maior, Portugal.


This study assessed how sex of participant is related to electromechanical delay during a karate punch. Ten male (M age = 25.00 yr., SD = 3.02; M height=174.9 cm, SD=6.3; M weight = 71.13 kg, SD=9.35) and 8 female (M age = 27.4 yr., SD = 6.0; M height = 161.4 cm, SD = 5.1; M weight = 59.09 kg, SD = 7.00) karate athletes performed 10 ballistic punches to a target as hard as possible. Kinematic analysis and surface electromyographic (EMG) activity of the upper-limb muscles were recorded. Men had a significantly shorter electromechanical delay in the anterior portion of the deltoid, showing a larger effectiveness in the transfer of the contractile force for the beginning of movement. Agonist and antagonist relationships show intermuscular coordination differences between the sexes. Results revealed the existence of a different neuromuscular coordination pattern of motor control between men and women, although a similar kinematic pattern was expected due to karate practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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