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Int J Obes (Lond). 2013 Jul;37(7):993-8. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.161. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Impact of UCP1 and β3AR gene polymorphisms on age-related changes in brown adipose tissue and adiposity in humans.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Histology and Cytology, Department of Anatomy, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is involved in the regulation of whole-body energy expenditure and adiposity. The activity and prevalence of BAT decrease with age in humans.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes for uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and β3-adrenergic receptor (β3AR), key molecules of BAT thermogenesis, on age-related decline of BAT activity and accumulation of body fat in humans.

METHODS:

One hundred ninety-nine healthy volunteers (20-72 years old (y.o.)) underwent fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and computed tomography (CT) after 2-h cold exposure to assess BAT activity. The visceral and subcutaneous fat areas at the abdominal level were estimated from the CT images. They were genotyped for -3826 A/G polymorphism of the UCP1 gene and 64 Trp/Arg mutation of the β3AR gene.

RESULTS:

BAT was detected in 88 subjects out of 199 (44%), more in younger (30 y.o., 55%) than older subjects (>40 y.o., 15%). BAT prevalence of older subjects tended to be lower in the UCP1 G/G group than the A allele group (A/A and A/G), and also in the β3AR Arg allele group (Trp/Arg and Arg/Arg) than the Trp/Trp group. When compared subjects who had two or more base substitutions on the two genes (the 2-4 allele group) with those who had less than two base substitutions (the 0-1 allele group), BAT prevalence was comparable in younger subjects (62% vs 50%) but lower in older subjects (0% vs 24%, P<0.05). Visceral fat area of the 2-4 allele group was higher than that of the 0-1 allele group (P<0.05) in older subjects, but not in younger subjects.

CONCLUSION:

UCP1 -3826 A/G and β3AR 64 Trp/Arg substitutions accelerate age-related decrease in BAT activity, and thereby may associate with visceral fat accumulation with age.

PMID:
23032405
DOI:
10.1038/ijo.2012.161
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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