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Leuk Res. 2012 Dec;36(12):1547-51. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2012.09.008. Epub 2012 Sep 29.

Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia with favorable cytogenetics: still favorable?

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Jane Ann Nohl Division of Hematology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.


Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) is occasionally associated with favorable risk cytogenetics including core binding factor AML and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). It is unclear if these leukemias have the same favorable outcomes as their de novo counterparts. Interpretation of published data is difficult due to lack of data on the contribution of the original neoplasm as well as its treatment to overall mortality. Based on available evidence, we conclude that t-AML with favorable risk cytogenetics have superior outcomes among t-AMLs and should be treated similar to de novo AML in patients who are candidates for definitive therapy. Therapy-related APL has similar outcome as de novo APL. There is no evidence at the present time to support the routine use of allogeneic HSCT in first complete remission in t-AML with favorable cytogenetics.

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