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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jul 6;109(1):013601. Epub 2012 Jul 3.

Optimal squeezing in resonance fluorescence via atomic-state purification.

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Arbeitsgruppe Quantenoptik, Institut für Physik, Universität Rostock, D-18055 Rostock, Germany.


Squeezing of atomic resonance fluorescence is shown to be optimized by a properly designed environment, which can be realized by a quasiresonant cavity. Optimal squeezing is achieved if the atomic coherence is maximized, corresponding to a pure atomic quantum state. The atomic-state purification is achieved by the backaction of the cavity field on the atom, which increases the atomic coherence and decreases the atomic excitation. For realistic cavities, the coupling of the atom to the cavity field yields a purity of the atomic state of more than 99%. The fragility of squeezing against dephasing is substantially reduced in this scenario, which may be important for various applications.

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