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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jul 13;109(2):020405. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

Macroscopic Zeno effect and stationary flows in nonlinear waveguides with localized dissipation.

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1
Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, Lisboa 1649-003, Portugal.

Abstract

We theoretically demonstrate the possibility of observing the macroscopic Zeno effect for nonlinear waveguides with localized dissipation. We show the existence of stable stationary flows, which are balanced by losses in the dissipative domain. The macroscopic Zeno effect manifests itself in the nonmonotonic dependence of the stationary flow on the strength of the dissipation. In particular, we highlight the importance of the dissipation parameters in observing the phenomenon. Our results are applicable to a large variety of systems, including the condensates of atoms or quasiparticles and optical waveguides.

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