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PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e46272. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046272. Epub 2012 Sep 28.

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and susceptibility to cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a meta-analysis.

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1
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A number of studies have explored the association between methyl enetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and susceptibility to cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). However, results remained controversial. To address this gap, we decided to conduct a meta-analysis of all available published studies.

METHODS:

Electronic literature searches of the PubMed, EmBase and Medline databases were performed up to April 30, 2012. Fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled ORs for different genetic models.

RESULTS:

A total of 12 case-control studies were ultimately identified. No statistical correlation was found between C677T variants and cervical cancer for the overall population. However, subgroup analyses on the White women pointed to a significant protective effect for individuals heterozygous or homozygous for the T-allele (for CT vs. CC: OR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.88; for TT vs. CC: OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.49-0.97; for CT+TT vs. CC: OR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.59-0.86). C677T variants were associated with neither combined nor stratified CIN among the overall population.

CONCLUSIONS:

This meta-analysis suggests that White women with mutant C677T genotypes might have a lower risk of cervical cancer, yet lacking enough statistical robustness. Further investigations are needed to get more insight into the role of this polymorphism in cervical carcinogenesis.

PMID:
23029458
PMCID:
PMC3460879
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0046272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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