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PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45141. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045141. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in international travelers and non-travelers in New York City.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Oakland, California, USA.scottweisenberg@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We performed this study 1) to determine the prevalence of community-associated extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLPE) colonization and infection in New York City (NYC); 2) to determine the prevalence of newly-acquired ESBLPE during travel; 3) to look for similarities in contemporaneous hospital-associated bloodstream ESBLPE and travel-associated ESBLPE.

METHODS:

Subjects were recruited from a travel medicine practice and consented to submit pre- and post-travel stools, which were assessed for the presence of ESBLPE. Pre-travel stools and stools submitted for culture were used to estimate the prevalence of community-associated ESBLPE. The prevalence of ESBLPE-associated urinary tract infections was calculated from available retrospective data. Hospital-associated ESBLPE were acquired from saved bloodstream isolates. All ESBLPE underwent multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and ESBL characterization.

RESULTS:

One of 60 (1.7%) pre- or non-travel associated stool was colonized with ESBLPE. Among community-associated urine specimens, 1.3% of Escherichia coli and 1.4% of Klebsiella pneumoniae were identified as ESBLPE. Seven of 28 travelers (25.0%) acquired a new ESBLPE during travel. No similarities were found between travel-associated ESBLPE and hospital-associated ESBLPE. A range of imported ESBL genes were found, including CTX-M-14 and CTX-15.

CONCLUSION:

ESBL colonization and infection were relatively low during the study period in NYC. A significant minority of travelers acquired new ESBLPE during travel.

PMID:
23028808
PMCID:
PMC3447858
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0045141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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