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J Exp Bot. 2013 Jan;64(3):743-51. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ers263. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Engineering photosynthesis in plants and synthetic microorganisms.

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Plant Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology, Institute of Plant Developmental and Molecular Biology, Center of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), Heinrich-Heine-University, Universitätsstrasse 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.


Photosynthetic organisms, such as cyanobacteria, algae, and plants, sustain life on earth by converting light energy, water, and CO(2) into chemical energy. However, due to global change and a growing human population, arable land is becoming scarce and resources, including water and fertilizers, are becoming exhausted. It will therefore be crucial to design innovative strategies for sustainable plant production to maintain the food and energy bases of human civilization. Several different strategies for engineering improved photosynthesis in crop plants and introducing novel photosynthetic capacity into microorganisms have been reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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