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Orthopedics. 2012 Oct;35(10 Suppl):22-8. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20120919-53.

Use of simple algorithms to predict screw length facilitates navigation-controlled medial opening-wedge osteotomy using the TomoFix HTO system.

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Joint Reconstruction Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 463-707, Republic of Korea.


This study was performed to establish simple algorithms to predict proper screw lengths for the 4 proximal holes of TomoFix plates (Synthes GmbH; Solothurn, Switzerland) based on radiographic mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) dimensions of the proximal tibia and to determine how well these algorithms function for navigation-controlled medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) using TomoFix. Experimental HTO surgery was performed in proximal tibial models manufactured for 30 patients undergoing HTO to determine the longest screw lengths for the 4 proximal holes of TomoFix plates. Eight algorithms were created for the 4 proximal screws by investigating the relationships between measured screw lengths and radiographic dimensions and were used for 30 navigation-controlled medial opening-wedge HTOs. The algorithms used to predict screw length were: screw A=ML width-20 mm and AP length+5 mm; screw B=ML width-25 mm and AP length; screw C=ML width-35 mm and AP length-10 mm; and screw D=ML width-40 mm and AP length-15 mm. All 30 surgeries were performed with no perioperative adverse events. Mean operative time was 47.1 minutes, and no far cortex perforation of more than 3 mm was observed for any of the 4 proximal screws. Mean mechanical tibiofemoral angle and weight load line coordinate at the knee joint were valgus 3.7° and 62.9%, respectively. Targeted alignment was achieved in 28 (93%) knees for a mechanical tibiofemoral angle between valgus 2° and 6°, and in 25 (83%) knees for a weight load line coordinate between 55% and 70%. The authors propose the use of the developed algorithms to select proper screw lengths for medial opening wedge HTO using the TomoFix HTO system.

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