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Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2012;2012:587402. Epub 2012 Sep 16.

Ophthalmic parasitosis: a review article.

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  • 1Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences, 63000 Selangor, Malaysia.


Ocular parasitosis in human is more prevalent in geographical areas where environmental factors and poor sanitary conditions favor the parasitism between man and animals. Lesions in the eye can be due to damage directly caused by the infectious pathogen, indirect pathology caused by toxic products, or the immune response incited by infections or ectopic parasitism. The epidemiology of parasitic ocular diseases reflects the habitat of the causative parasites as well as the habits and health status of the patient. An ocular examination may provide clues to the underlying disease/infection, and an awareness of the possibilities of travel-related pathology may shed light on an ocular presentation. This paper is a comprehensive review of the parasitic diseases of the eye. The majority of the clinically important species of parasites involved in eye infection are reviewed in this paper. Parasites are discussed by the disease or infection they cause.

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