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Psychosom Med. 2012 Oct;74(8):848-53. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e318268e7f0. Epub 2012 Sep 28.

Fatigue in patients with coronary artery disease: association with thyroid axis hormones and cortisol.

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1
Behavioral Medicine Institute, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Palanga, Lithuania. a.bunevicius@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In people with coronary artery disease, the association between endocrine measures and fatigue is not well understood. We evaluated possible associations of fatigue and exercise capacity with function of adrenal axis and thyroid axis.

METHODS:

Sixty-five men and 18 women (mean age 55 years) attending a rehabilitation program were examined using the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Exercise capacity was measured using a bicycle ergometer procedure. Serum concentrations of free triiodothyronine (T₃), free thyroxine (T₄), morning cortisol, afternoon cortisol, and change in cortisol concentrations (ΔCortisol) were measured.

RESULTS:

In univariate regression analysis, lower free T₄ concentrations were associated with general and exertion fatigue, lower free T₃ concentrations were associated with general and physical fatigue, and lower ΔCortisol was associated with mental fatigue. After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, previous myocardial infarction, heart failure, diabetes, New York Heart Association functional class, depressive symptoms, and anxiety symptoms, lower free T3 concentrations remained associated with physical fatigue (β = -.224, p = .03); lower free T₄ concentrations, with exertion fatigue (β = -.219, p = .03); and lower morning cortisol and lower ΔCortisol concentrations, with mental fatigue (β = -.193 [p = .03] and β = -.180 [p =.04], respectively). Exercise capacity was not associated with endocrine factors.

CONCLUSIONS:

In coronary artery disease patients, increased thyroid hormone concentrations are associated with decreased physical fatigue and decreased exertion fatigue, and increased cortisol concentrations with decreased mental fatigue. Exercise capacity is not associated with endocrine factors.

PMID:
23023678
DOI:
10.1097/PSY.0b013e318268e7f0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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